an exhibition designer and an architect, alvar aalto was an important figure in the international modernism arena. he also designed and manufactured wooden chairs and stools for his architectural interiors. he was concerned with the same old problem of connecting vertical and horizontal elements of furniture. organic forms of his vases were inspired by the fjord shorelines of his native finland. he insisted on non man-made materials and rejected materials such as tubular metal in furniture.
aalto believed that design should not only acknowledge functional requirements but address the psychological needs of the user. for him this was best achieved through the use of natural materials and especially wood. he believed that nature provides millions of flexible combinations and one is never the same among the others.